Mediasi Massal Terorisme: Pengantar Critical Terrorism Studies

Aly Ashghor

Abstract


This paper is a development of research conducted by the Center for National Security Studies (Puskamnas) Bhayangkara University of Jakarta on a map of global terrorism obtained from coverage of 56 (fifty six) online mass media in the world throughout the year 2017. Mass mediation of terrorism is a critical effort and a reflective way in trying to understand the practice and the articulation of the terrorism discourse in the world, especially on how the media enters and enlivens the practice of terrorism concept. This paper shows that the social construction of terrorism tends to be influenced by the Western mass media. In the construction of the mass media, the notion of terrorism today is the product of the discourse of the Western mass media. The dominance of the Western mass mediation terrorism resulted in the construction of terrorism discourse associated with the movement of Islamism and Communism. The mass mediation of terrorism demonstrates by Israeli atrocities against Palestinians tend to disregard aas acts of state terrorism. Threfore, the implication of state-centrist terrorism in counter terrorism policies are more oriented towards national security than human security.

Keywords


terrorism; mass media; critical terrorism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bakker, Edwin, dan Beatrice de Graaf. “Preventing Lone Wolf Terrorism: some CT Approaches Addressed.†Perspectives on Terrorism 5, no. 5–6 (Desember 2011): 43–50.

“Charlie Hebdo tribute marks two years of Islamist attacks on France.†Reuters, 5 Januari 2017. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-attacks-charliehebdo-idUSKBN14P1PK.

Chomsky, Noam. Menguak Tabir Terorisme Internasional. terjemahan. Bandung: Mizan, 1991.

———. “Noam Chomsky: ‘10 Strategies Of Manipulation’ By The Media.†laitman.com, 25 Oktober 2011. http://laitman.com/2011/10/noam-chomsky-10-strategies-of-manipulation-by-the-media/.

Colombijn, Freek. “The War Against Terrorism In Indonesia: Amien Rais on US Foreign Policy and Indonesia’s Domestic Problems.†IIAS Newsletter No. 28, Agustus 2002. https://iias.asia/the-newsletter/newsletter-28-summer-2002.

“Donald Trump Berjanji Akan Basmi Terorisme dari Muka Bumi.†Kompas.com, 21 Januari 2017. https://internasional.kompas.com/read/2017/01/21/07212231/donald.trump.berjanji.akan.basmi.terorisme.dari.muka.bumi.

Dorsey, James M. “Wahhabism vs. Wahhabism: Qatar Challenges Saudi Arabia.†RSIS Working Paper, No. 262, September 2013.

Fadl, Khaled Abou El. Sejarah Wahabi dan Salafi. terjemahan. Jakarta: Serambi, 2015.

Gunaratna, Rohan. “Global Threat Forecast.†Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses (CTTA) 10, no. 1 (Januari 2018): 1–6.

Hassan, Noorhaidi. “Gagalnya Demokrasi di Timur Tengah: Islam, Masalah Generasi dan Politik Identitas.†Peranan Indonesia dalam Upaya Perdamaian di Timur Tengah. Seminar. Yogyakarta, 14 April 2016.

“Is Charlie Hebdo shooting linked to growing threat from Islamist extremism?†CNN, 7 Januari 2015. https://edition.cnn.com/2015/01/07/europe/islamist-extremism-in-europe/index.html.

Jackson, R., L. Jarvis, J. Gunning, dan M. Breen-Smyth. Terrorism: A critical introduction. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillian, 2011.

Jackson, Richard. Writing the War on Terror: Language, Politics and Counter-Terrorism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2005.

Jetter, Michael. “Blowing Things Up: The Effect of Media Attention on Terrorism.†IZA Discussion Paper No. 8497, 2004.

Laquer, Walter. A History of Terrorism. New York: Little, Brown, 1997.

Mare, Miroslav. “Extreme Left Terrorism in Contemporary Europe: from ‘Communist Combatant Parties’ to Militant Campaigns?†Central European Political Studies Review 9, no. 4 (2007): 294–314.

Mareš, Miroslav. “Strategies for Creating Insurgencies and Civil Wars in Europe: From Violent Extremism to Paramilitary Conflicts?†Journal of International Affairs 2, no. 1 (Agustus 2012): 90–119.

Salameh, Mohammed T. Bani, dan Ahed A. Mashagbeh. “The American Russian Rivalry in the Middle East.†International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 8, no. 1 (Januari 2018).

Schulze, Kirsten E., dan Joseph Chinyong Liow. “Making Jihadis, Waging Jihad: Transnational and Local Dimensions of The ISIS Phenomenon in Indonesia and Malaysia.†Asean Security, Februari 2018, 1–18.

Seib, Philip, dan Dana M. Janbek. Global Terrorism and New Media: The Post-Al Qaeda Generation. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2011.

Soriano, Manuel Torres. “Terrorism and the Mass Media after Al Qaeda: A Change of Course?†Athena Intelligence Journal 3, no. 1 (2008): 1–20.

Wiktorowicz, Quintan. “A Genealogy of Radical Islam.†Middle East Policy 8, no. 4 (Desember 2001): 75–97.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Keamanan Nasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Keamanan Nasional indexed by:

       

 

Publisher:

Pusat Kajian Keamanan Nasional Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya (Puskamnas-UBJ)
GRHA Summarecon Lt.3
Jl. Raya Perjuangan, Marga Mulya, Bekasi Utara, Jawa Barat 17121
Phone: (021) 88955882, 88955883; Fax: (021) 88955871
Email: [email protected]

ONLINE ISSN: 2579-7727
PRINT ISSN: 2442-7985

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Keamanan Nasional by Pusat Kajian Keamanan Nasional (Puskamnas) Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya (UBJ) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats