Tinjauan Ekonomi, Politik dan Keamanan Terhadap Pengembangan Food Estate di Kalimantan Tengah Sebagai Alternatif Menjaga Ketahanan Pangan di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19

Binsar Sianipar, Audrey G Tangkudung

Abstract


Sejak Maret 2020 Indonesia dinyatakan sebagai wilayah yang terdampak pandemi Covid-19. Virus Corona sebagai penyebab pandemi yang pertama kali ditemukan di Wuhan, China, dengan cepat menyebar ke seluruh dunia seperti Italia, India, Iran dan Indonesia. Kondisi tersebut telah menempatkan sejumlah negara di dunia, termasuk Indonesia, pada gerbang resesi ekonomi. Sejumlah kebijakan telah ditempuh Pemerintah Indonesia, antara lain menunjuk Menteri Pertahanan untuk menjaga ketahanan pangan nasional agar dapat bertahan dari resesi yang berpotensi datang melalui program food estate di Kalimantan Tengah. Atas dasar itulah, penelitian ini mengkaji pengembangan food estate di Kalimantan Tengah sebagai alternatif menjaga ketahanan pangan di tengah pandemi Covid-19 melalui tiga perspektif, yaitu ekonomi, politik, dan keamanan. Pembahasan dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan pendekatan epistemologis berdasarkan empat pilar ketahanan pangan yang ditetapkan oleh Organisasi Pangan dan Pertanian Dunia (FAO), yaitu ketersediaan, akses, pemanfaatan, dan stabilitas.


Keywords


Ketahanan Pangan, Ketahanan Nasional, Food Estate

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31599/jkn.v6i2.479

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