Keamanan Maritim di Laut Cina Selatan: Tinjauan atas Analisa Barry Buzan

Asep Setiawan

Abstract


Abstract

The article discusses maritime security in South China Sea based on security concept by Barry Buzan. According to Buzan, analysis of security is divided into three levels: individual, national and international. In addition, security dimension consists of military security, politics, societal, economics and environment. Maritime security can be seen as the combination of preventive and responsive measures to protect the maritime domain against threats and intentional unlawful acts. With this concept, maritime security in South China Sea considers three level analyses and in same time involve multi dimension of security factors. Security in the area should put in correct perspective to get full understand of complexity this matter.

Keywords: Maritime Security, South China Sea, Barry Buzan, Security Dimension

 

Abstrak

Artikel ini mendiskusikan tentang keamanan maritim di Laut Cina Selatan berdasarkan konsep keamanan oleh Barry Buzan. Menurut Buzan, analisis keamanan dibagi menjadi tiga tahap: individual, nasional dan internasional. Selain itu, dimensi keamanan terdiri dari keamanan militer, politik, sosial, ekonomi dan lingkungan. Keamanan Maritim dapat dilihat sebagai kombinasi dari tindakan preventif dan responsif untuk menjaga domain maritim dari ancaman dan tindakan pelanggaran hukum. Dengan konsep ini, keamanan maritim di Laut Cina Selatan mempertimbangkan tiga tahap analisis dan melibatkan faktor-faktor keamanan multi dimensi. Keamanan di daerah tersebut perlu dinilai dengan perspektif yang tepat untuk memahami kerumitan masalah ini.

Kata Kunci: Keamanan Maritim, Laut Cina Selatan, Barry Buzan dan Dimensi Keamanan


Keywords


keamanan maritim; Laut Cina Selatan; Barry Buzan; dimensi keamanan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31599/jkn.v3i1.8

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